Knowledge Base

Knowledge Base

WAM & ZINGS (AVIATION SERVICES) takes pride in providing solutions that are perfectly suited to our clients’ requirements.
A wealth of industry knowledge has been compiled which has been systematically indexed and is available through our professional consultancy services, thereby saving our customers time and resources.
We provide comprehensive aircraft analysis, feasibility studies, and assistance with aircraft selection, route matrix analysis, negotiation and contract management.

The Process of chartering an Aircraft

For most people, chartering a private jet is not that common. It all sounds very glamorous and tempting, but how does it really work? A straight forward, 5 step process to charter an aircraft is followed:

Step 1 – Source the aircraft of your choice that is suitable for the trip

There are numerous ways of sourcing an aircraft; the most common way is to contact an Air Charter Broker company. Companies such as WAM & ZINGS will be of good assistance; in fact, when you contact a broker, you are not just contacting one company; you will have access to a worldwide network of partners and affiliates.. Brokers have the necessary knowledge, information and relationships to find the right aircraft for you in a short time span. Chartering aircraft is what they do, day in and day out; they know the market very well and possess advanced in-house tailor made systems.. In addition, at WAM & ZINGS, the broker ensures that you are paying the right price for your charter; the broker negotiates on your behalf, compares prices and gives you advice on what aircraft is most suitable for your charter. The broker will guide and assist you throughout the entire process of your charter until you arrive safely at your destination.

Step 2 – Confirm your charter

The charter broker will provide you with more than one option to choose from; or will advise you on the most efficient option for your charter requirement. Once you are satisfied with the option provided, you need to confirm either by phone, by email and/or by signing a confirmation document that you would like to go ahead and proceed with your charter booking.

Step 3 – Sign a Charter Agreement

Upon receipt of your confirmation, the broker shall request the aircraft operator to block the aircraft allowing for time to review and sign the Charter Agreement. Most Charter Brokers will not tell you who the operator is that you are flying with. However, at WAM & ZINGS, the Charter Agreement is signed between the Client and the Aircraft Operator directly; which means that there is total transparency; and you will know exactly where the operator is from and what his reputation is. A Charter Agreement can range from anything between two to 10 pages or more, depending on the aircraft operator’s standard terms and conditions. Once you have signed the Charter Agreement, make sure that the aircraft operator has countersigned as well before you proceed with the payment, since an agreement signed by only one party is not a valid agreement.

Step 4 – Make the payment

Payments for chartering an aircraft are always done in full and in advance prior to the departure of the aircraft from its base. Once there is a signed Charter Agreement in place, you will be presented with an invoice for the payment of your charter flight. Depending on the time available before the date of travel, the payment may go straight to the operator or it may go to WAM & ZINGS, in which case we shall act as your paying agent. It is recommended not to make a payment unless and until you are presented with a valid invoice.

Step 5 – Show up and fly

Once the contract is signed and payments made, the aircraft operator will start preparing your charter flight; the charter broker will coordinate everything for you and you will be requested to provide information such as passenger details, sending and receiving party details, catering requests and other special requirements. WAM & ZINGS can also organize ground transport to and from the airport, however, this may be at an additional charge. Prior to departure, you will be sent a flight briefing document stating all the details such as aircraft registration, flight number, names of the crew, schedule and even the time you should report at the terminal. All you have to do now, is show up and enjoy your flight!
If you would like to know more about this article, please feel free to contact WAM & ZINGS, a well established aircraft charter broker based in Pakistan. We are specialists in offering and providing Executive Jets, Passenger Aircraft, Cargo Aircraft, Medevac and Helicopter charters as well as ACMI Wet Leasing.

Why people charter Private Jets

For most people chartering a private jet is not that common. It all sounds very glamorous and tempting, but what is chartering a jet all about? Why would someone charter a corporate jet if they can fly at a much lower price with a first class service on a scheduled airline

Save Time

The quick answer to this question is “time”. Time is one of the most common reasons for people to charter a business jet. So, let’s look at this a little closer; how does chartering an aircraft save you time? First of all, when you charter an executive jet; you can basically choose your own date and time of departure, so even if you’re running a little late, the aircraft will wait for you.

Secondly, there is no need to check-in several hours before your flight departs . All you have to do is show up 10-15 minutes before your scheduled departure time, clear customs, and hop on the aircraft. Chartering a jet can also help you avoid airport transfers in big hubs, and so instead of using two or more different aircrafts for one journey, you use only one all the way and once again, you save time.

Fly to Remote Locations

Another well known and valid reason for chartering an executive jet is because chartering enables you to fly to airports and destinations which commercial airlines do not cater to. For example, there are many remote destinations in Africa and the Middle East which CEO’s, VIP’s and other business men and women still need to visit. Private jets are often used to bring small groups of people to war zones or other remote locations which commercial airlines don’t serve.


The glamorous reason for chartering your very own private jet is the “exclusivity” of it all. When you charter an aircraft, you rent the entire aircraft for you and your own private usage. Avoid crowds, noisy people around you when you want to sleep; choose your own special catering requests, and enter and exit the airports with almost nobody knowing about it.
If you would like to know more about this article, please feel free to contact WAM & ZINGS, a well established aircraft charter broker based in Lahore, Pakistan. WAM & ZINGS specializes in the provision of Executive Jets, Passenger Aircraft, Cargo Aircraft, Medevac and Helicopter charters as well as ACMI Wet Leasing.

Who Typically Charters a Private Jet

Chartering a Jet is not restricted to the rich and famous. In fact, most of the rich and famous will probably own their own jet anyways and don’t need to charter unless their own aircraft is undergoing maintenance or has technical problems. Below you will find some examples of profiles of people that charter executive aircraft regularly in the Middle East, Africa, Asia and the Far East;

CEO’s and Entrepreneurs

A board of directors may require to conduct site visits in several different countries in a short time frame. Chartering an aircraft provides them with flexibility in their schedule.

VIP’s, Artists and Sportsmen

This profile generally seeks the exclusivity of chartering as well as the anonymity. In fact at most airports, when you charter an aircraft, you use a private executive jet terminal and not the regular passenger terminal.

Royalty and Royal Families

Royal families will often charter an aircraft for exclusivity during their summer holidays. If they do not have an aircraft of their own, they will charter a heavy jet and bring along their families as well.

High net worth individuals & Private individuals

High net worth individuals charter aircraft quite often and also seek exclusivity as well as saving time and avoiding big hubs during their journey.

Government Officials

Particularly in the Middle East and Africa regions, government officials travel more and more by Private jet. Although certain governments will have their own fleet, ministries, embassies and other similar entities will occasionally charter a corporate jet in order to save time, and ensure complete anonymity.
If you would like to know more about this article, please feel free to contact WAM & ZINGS (AVIATION SERVICES). We are specialists in the provision of Executive Jets, Passenger Aircraft, Cargo Aircraft, Medevac and Helicopter charters as well as ACMI Wet Leasing.

Narrow Body Wet Lease A 320 vs. B 737

Narrow body aircrafts are extremely popular within the wet lease community. In fact, these aircrafts have proven to be extremely versatile and often allow for easier setup than the wide body aircraft. In this article, we will compare the A 320 with the B 737-800 series within the context of wet leasing the aircraft. Both A 320 and the B 737 aircraft are classified as short to medium range narrow body airliners. B 737 has many different variants of which most were produced during the same era as the A 320 however the B 737-800 came along in the mid 90’s and was sold as the “next generation Boeing product”.

Airbus A320:

The A 320 represents a significant sales success for Airbus and was considered technologically advanced, in the aviation industry. The A 320 is probably best known as the first airliner to introduce a fly-by-wire flight control system where control inputs from the pilot are transmitted to the flying surfaces by electronic signals rather than mechanical cables. When considering the A320 for a wet lease program; you will enjoy the following advantages compared to the B 737-800:
• The A 320 will present a lower ACMI rate per block hour than the B 737-800
• The A 320 will present more modern technology
• The A 320 will have lower maintenance cost than B737-800

Boeing B 737-800:

The B 737-800 was originally built with nine seats more than the A 320; in a high density configuration, you can have 189 seats built in whereas the A 320 will have 180 seats in a high density configuration. This gives the B 737-800 a slightly better potential for profit than the A 320 provided of course that all the seats are filled. Winglets are a very common option on the B 737-800 which gives the aircraft a better range. If you are considering a B 737-800 on a wet lease basis and you are comparing this with an A 320, you may wish to consider the following advantages:
• The B 737-800 has a better range than the A 320
• The B 737-800 has a higher seating capacity than the A 320

Taking into consideration the above information when looking at wet leasing a narrow body aircraft; it all depends on what you want to achieve and what your business model is. In some cases the A 320 will be more suitable, and in other the B 737-800. If you are having trouble deciding which aircraft to take on wet lease, you could call on the expertise of an aircraft wet leasing specialist who would be able to do a route study for the wet lease program you would like to operate. Companies such as WAM & ZINGS for whom the core business is the wet lease of narrow body passenger aircraft will be able to provide objective advice and comparison studies in order to assist you in setting up the Wet Lease.

If you would like to know more about this article, please feel free to contact WAM & ZINGS, a well established aircraft charter and wet lease broker based in Dubai since 1994. Air Charter International specializes in the provision of Private Jets, Passenger Aircraft, Cargo Aircraft, Medevac and Helicopter charters as well as ACMI Wet Leasing.

Everything you need to know about MEDEVAC aircraft charter

Medevac charters (also referred to as Medivac charters) are complex aircraft charter missions which require utmost attention. A Medevac Aircraft is a dedicated aircraft which is configured specifically to transport patients (somewhat like a flying hospital room with a stretcher and appropriate equipment). Medevac Charters are complex, mainly because they involve the livelihood of the patient that is flying. Patients are transported by Medevac charter when it is not possible to transport the patient by scheduled airline (for example, when an ICU unit, an incubator or other special equipment is required) or when the patient needs to be repatriated out of a remote location. In this article we will review some of the important information that one should be aware of when planning or considering a Medevac aircraft charter mission.
Obtaining a quotation on a Medevac aircraft
In order for a Medevac operator to be able to provide an accurate quotation, they will require a lot of information relevant to the requirement and the situation; as a general rule of thumb, you should have the following information at hand before you go out and ask for a quotation for a Medevac aircraft charter:

• Number of patients and number of escorts accompanying the patient(s)
• Name, age and gender of the patient(s)
• Condition of the patient(s)
• Latest medical report of the patient
• Ensure that the patient has been declared “fit to fly”
• Airport of departure and airport of destination
• Date of flight (this can be either “as soon as possible”, or a specific date in the future)

It will also help if you have the name and contact details of the treating doctor and hospital, this will allow the doctor to better understand the medical condition of the patient and determine the equipment required onboard the Medevac charter to ensure the safe transportation of the patient.
Any information related to the insurance of the patient and if his/her insurance company would accept to cover the costs of the Medevac aircraft charter will also greatly help the operator that is quoting for the charter.
Preparing the Medevac aircraft charter mission

Once the contract for the Medevac charter has been signed; the operator will start preparing the flight. In addition to the preparations that take place for a regular charter flight, there are certain activities that require special attention when dealing with a Medevac charter.
• Ensure that all patients and escorts have the appropriate visas to enter the countries they are travelling to; bear in mind that this is the charterer’s responsibility, and not the responsibility of the Medevac operator.

• Ensure that the hospital of destination will accept the patient on the date/time that the Medevac charter is due to arrive.

• Ensure that appropriate ground transportation is arranged (i.e. Ambulance at airport of departure and ambulance at airport of destination); the Medevac operator can assist with this, and sometimes it may even be included in the quotation.

• Confirm with the Medevac aircraft operator that the appropriate equipment and medical personnel will be available on board; for example, infants may need an incubator and a pediatrician whilst an adult may need an ICU unit with ventilation and a lung specialist. (It must be noted that the equipment and medical personnel that is required for a specific mission will have a great impact on the cost of the Medevac aircraft charter)
What exactly is provided during a Medevac aircraft charter?
A Medevac aircraft charter is a turnkey solution and is used when other means (such as scheduled airlines) are not suitable or not available to the patient. Generally, the Medevac aircraft charter will be provided as an “all-inclusive” solution and will come with the following services/amenities included:
• All costs related to the charter of the aircraft and the operation of the Medevac aircraft for the specified route
• Stretcher for the patient
• Medical equipment (ICU/Incubator/ventilator or other) – as required
• Medical team (consisting minimum of one paramedic and one specialist doctor)
• Catering (for patient and escorts)
If you would like to know more about this article, please feel free to contact WAM & ZINGS. 

Frequently Asked Questions About Air Ambulance Services

An Air Ambulance is defined as an aircraft used for Emergency Medical Assistance in situations where either a road ambulance cannot reach the location quickly enough or not at all, or the patient needs to be transported over a distance that makes air transportation a much more effective solution. In this article we will review the frequently asked questions related to air ambulances and the services provided within an air ambulance charter.
What is generally included in an Air Ambulance?
An Air Ambulance service includes the aircraft, the medical equipment and machinery required to safely transport the patient, a medical team consisting of one paramedic and one specialist doctor. Depending on the size of the aircraft, the air ambulance will have room for one or more escorts that may travel along with the patient.
What does an Air Ambulance look like?
An Air Ambulance looks pretty much like an executive jet (generally light or medium size) converted into a flying hospital room. It includes the bed/stretcher for the patient.
What does it cost to charter an Air Ambulance?
An Air Ambulance is generally slightly higher in price than chartering the equivalent sized executive jet. This is mainly due to the equipment and personnel required on board during the flight. 

What mostly affects the price of the charter of an Air Ambulance?

The cost of the Air Ambulance service will be mostly affected by the route and the condition of the patient that is travelling; i.e.

• Number of hours that the aircraft requires to fly the route requested
• The equipment required on board (e.g. Infants who require an incubator)
• The personnel required on board (e.g. Pediatrician or heart specialist)

Is the cost of chartering an Air Ambulance covered by Insurance?
The cost of an Air Ambulance may be covered by your insurance provider; you will need to contact your insurance provider and present them with a quotation as well as a note from the treating doctor in order to find out if your insurance will cover the expenses of the Air Ambulance.

What information do I need to provide in order to arrange an Air Ambulance?

The most efficient way to arrange for an Air Ambulance is to contact a professional Air Charter Broker company who covers the provision of Medevac charters; be sure to contact a Charter Broker that is available 24/7. Once you put forward your request to the Charter Broker, you will most likely be requested to provide the following details:
• Age, sex and condition of the patient
• A copy of the latest medical report
• Number of escorts that will be required to accompany the patient
• Name and telephone number of the treating doctor

Once you have received a quotation, all you need to do is confirm your Air Ambulance Charter, pay the invoice and the Charter Broker and Air Ambulance Service provider will take care of the rest.

How long does it take to arrange for an Air Ambulance?

If the Charter Broker has a 24/7 service, they should be able to provide you with a quotation within 4-12 hours from making the enquiry. Once you have accepted the quotation, and signed a Charter Agreement for your Air Ambulance service, count approximately 12 hours till take off – depending on how fast payment can be made and permits can be obtained for the requested route.

Other Tips when considering an Air Ambulance

– Many people forget that it is the Charterer’s responsibility to ensure that visas are in place for the patient and the escorts for the countries which they wish to travel to; the Air Ambulance operator will not take any responsibilities for visas.
– Don’t forget to arrange for ground transportation to and from the airports. Some Air Ambulance providers quote inclusive of ground ambulance fees, but this may not always be the case, if they are not included, it is recommended that you ensure this is arranged with the respective hospitals.
– Ensure that the receiving hospital is aware that the patient is coming and has space available so that the patient will be admitted.
If you would like to know more about this article, please feel free to contact WAM & ZINGS.
How long does it take to charter an Executive Jet?
Have you ever thought of chartering your very own Executive jet rather than buying a first class ticket on a scheduled airline? Many times, people that have thought of chartering their own Executive jet, wonder how long it really takes to arrange for an Executive jet to be ready on the tarmac. In this article we will explore the most common scenarios and show what needs to be considered before your Executive jet can be ready for takeoff.
From the moment you decide that you want to charter an Executive jet, there are a lot of things that need to happen before you can actually enjoy your very own Executive jet charter experience. The following are typically the steps to follow along with their respective timelines:

Step 1 – Find a suitable Executive Jet for your Charter at an acceptable price
Generally, the quickest way to find an Executive jet is to employ the services of a Charter Broker. Charter Brokers will have a large database of Executive jet operators and will know which type of Executive jet is best suited (in terms of range, speed, capacity) for your charter requirements. Brokers that work 24/7 can generally provide information on availability and pricing within two hours of receiving the enquiry.

Step 2 – Sign a Charter Agreement

Once you have found an Executive jet of your choice and have agreed on a price, a Charter Agreement must be signed to ensure that the Executive jet is blocked and scheduled for your charter flight. It is preferable to sign the agreement with the Aircraft Operator who actually has commercial control over the Executive jet directly. Typically it will take one hour to generate the Charter Agreement with the proper name and flight details, and then another hour for the charterer to read through, sign and send it back. Always make sure your Charter Agreement is countersigned by the operator.

Step 3 – Make the payment

As always in aviation, all payments are made in full and in advance. When you book a ticket on an airline, you can only board the aircraft provided you have paid for your flight. The same goes for when you charter an Executive jet. You can’t pay the bill once you have arrived. Payments are generally made by wire transfer, however, some Executive jet operators also accept credit card or cash prior to departure. Take note of the time it will take for the funds to hit the operator’s account when you make a wire transfer. This may take a day or longer.

Step 4 – Flight preparation

After the contract and payments are taken care of, the Executive jet operator will start preparing the flight, i.e. arranging for all overflight permits, landing permits, catering, aircraft handling, pilots etc. Depending on the countries for which permits are required, and whether it is a weekend or a weekday, this may take 24-48 hours.

Step 5 – Show up and Fly

Now it is finally time to show up and step in your chartered Executive jet! Enjoy your flight. In summary you should count minimum one day for contract and payment plus 1 day for permits and arrangements. Although it is possible to arrange flights at shorter notice; and brokers will have experience with arranging Executive jet charters in a matter of hours, it is preferable that you plan things well in advance in order to avoid last minute disappointments.
WAM & ZINGS recommends booking an Executive Jet approx two-three weeks in advance. For more information or advice on Chartering an Executive Jet please contact WAM & ZINGS by email at, by phone (24/7) on +92 42 37514799 or visit their website

Reasons for Wet Leasing

In the aviation industry, it is fairly common to hear about Aircraft Wet Leasing. Aircraft wet lease is a common term, also known as ACMI lease; which includes the aircraft, crew, maintenance and insurance. It is a little like renting a car with a driver instead of buying a car. An Aircraft Wet Lease should be considered as a turnkey solution and is mostly used for short term time periods. In this article we will review why airlines would go for a wet lease rather than purchasing or dry leasing an aircraft.

Seasonal Demand

One of the most common reasons for Wet Leasing an aircraft is related to the seasonal demand. Many charter operators and national airlines will have to cope with a degree of seasonality. For example, during the summer season these operators will have a lot more passengers to transport and in such cases they will generally wet lease an aircraft for a period of six months to cover the increase in demand.

New Route Trials

Startup operators and existing operators are not always sure about the commercial viability of certain routes they want to fly For this reason, it is often prudent to first enter into an aircraft wet lease contract and take the aircraft on a wet lease basis rather than committing to a purchase or a dry lease. At the end of the wet lease period, the operator can then decide based on the results, whether the new route is a success.

Out of Gauge – Long Term Outsourcing

Another very good reason for wet leasing rather than purchasing would be when an airline is required to operate a route or a project that is apart from their main business activity. For example a passenger airline that wants to cover some small cargo routes but doesn’t want to invest in buying a new aircraft and taking on board new pilots, may opt to outsource the aircraft and crew in the form of an Aircraft Wet Lease contract. Although wet leasing is not always the most cost efficient solution, in this scenario, it may be that wet leasing turns out to be cheaper than hiring and getting everything in place to purchase or dry lease basis.


Finally, a typical reason for taking an aircraft on wet lease would be during AOG situations (Aircraft on Ground). In these scenarios, airliners will sub-contract an aircraft from another airline and since they will already have all traffic rights in place for the route they want to operate, it makes more sense to just wet lease the aircraft.
If you would like to know more about wet leasing a aircraft, feel free to contact a company such as Wam & Zings who are specialists in wet leasing. Visit WAM & ZINGS Wet Leasing page to find out more about the aircrafts they can offer. You can also visit their website at or send an email to their Wet Leasing department at
Reasons for chartering a passenger aircraft
Most of the time, when people start talking about aircraft charters, we immediately think of luxurious private jets. However, there is an entire parallel business segment, which relates to the chartering of passenger aircraft which can be considered equally important. In this article we will review the typical and most common reasons for chartering a passenger aircraft.

Group Charters

Against all odds, chartering a passenger aircraft for a group of people is not necessarily lower in cost than buying tickets on a scheduled airline for the same amount of people. In fact, most of the time a passenger aircraft charter will be more expensive; so why charter? One of the segments that frequently charter passenger aircrafts are groups of people, such as sports teams, football teams, music bands and orchestra’s as well as film crews and entertainment groups.

Flying to Remote Locations

Passenger aircrafts are also chartered and contracted for transporting groups of people to remote locations (war zones, or countries where scheduled carriers do not fly to); in these scenarios a passenger aircraft may be chartered. When landing strips are too rough for a passenger jet to land, a turboprop aircraft may be used instead.

MICE and Incentives

A very common and frequent user of passenger jet charters are the MICE and Incentive industries; they often require large groups of people to be transported together and who generally cannot obtain such a large amount of individual tickets on scheduled services. Whenever MICE and Incentive programs contract a passenger aircraft on a charter, they may often even get their chartered aircraft personalized with the company’s logo on the seat headrests.

Emergency Evacuations

Whenever a company requires to evacuate their personnel due to war, natural disasters or other reasons, the type of aircraft that is used most of the time will be a passenger aircraft or a passenger jet. In such scenarios, it is not about the luxury of the aircraft but rather about its ability to perform a certain charter flight within a very short notice. In the event of an emergency evacuation, the aircraft charter of a passenger jet or a passenger aircraft is the fastest and most reliable way of getting people out.
If you would like to know more about this article, please feel free to contact WAM & ZINGS. WAM & ZINGS specializes in the provision of Private Jets, Passenger Aircraft, Cargo Aircraft, Medevac and Helicopter charters as well as ACMI Wet Leasing. WAM & ZINGS is specifically good at the sourcing of suitable Passenger Aircraft Charters in the Middle East, Africa and Asia regions

What does it cost to charter a Business Jet?

As a professional Business Jet Charter Broker, we receive many questions related to what the cost is by chartering a business jet. This is one of the most difficult questions to answer as the cost of chartering a business jet is affected by several different factors. It’s pretty much just the same as asking how long a piece of string is. In this article we will explain how the costing of a business jet charter is calculated and what you need to take into account.
Generally, the cost of a business jet charter is calculated based on the total number of flying hours required for the particular trip that the business jet has been requested for. Bear in mind that you need to include the flying hours required to position or reposition the business jet from or to its base.

If you would like to know more about chartering a business jet, feel free to contact a company such as WAM & ZINGS who is a specialist in business jet charter. Visit WAM & ZINGS aircraft library to find out more about the aircraft they can offer. You can also visit their corporate website at or send an email to their 24/7 charter sales department at